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NCJ Number: 172541 Find in a Library
Title: In the Line of Fire: Youth, Guns, and Violence in Urban America
Author(s): J F Sheley; J D Wright
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 185
Sponsoring Agency: Aldine de Gruyter Publishing Co
Hawthorne, NY 10532
Publication Number: ISBN 0-202-30549-X
Sale Source: Aldine de Gruyter Publishing Co
Marketing Director
200 Saw Mill River Road
Hawthorne, NY 10532
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Data from 835 male juvenile inmates and 758 male students in inner-city high schools in 4 States were used to examine the means and methods of gun-related violence among urban youth and to recommend a policy aimed at reducing the motivation for gun possession by youth rather than simply attempting to remove guns from them.
Abstract: Data were collected during January-April 1991. The analysis focused on the youths' exposure to guns, crime, and violence; the youths' criminal activities; and their drug activity and gang membership profiles. Data were also collected on gun possession and carrying patterns; the number and types of firearms that juveniles possess; and where, how, and why they acquire and carry guns. Findings confirmed the prevalence of firearms in these populations, but challenged some common stereotypes concerning gun possession and use by juveniles. Findings indicate that juveniles arm themselves due to fear, rather than to the needs of criminal activity, drug trafficking, and gang affiliations. Guns, drugs, gangs, crime, and violence are all expressions of a pervasive alienation of certain inner-city youth from the conventions of larger society; the perception that firearms are necessary to survival in the inner city will endure unless attention is given to the conditions that promote insecurity and fear and that breed hostility, estrangement, futility, and hopelessness. Tables, chapter notes, author and subject indexes, and 190 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Firearm-crime relationships; Gun Control; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile gang behavior patterns; Juvenile gun ownership; Urban criminality; Violence causes; Violence prevention
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