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NCJ Number: 174173 Find in a Library
Title: Matching Alcoholism Treatments to Client Heterogeneity: Project MATCH Three-Year Drinking Outcomes
Journal: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research  Volume:22  Issue:6  Dated:September 1998  Pages:1300-1311
Author(s): R Kadden; J Carbonari; M Litt; S Tonigan; A Zweben
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 12
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study attempts to identify client attributes that would make them more appropriate for referral to one or another type of alcoholism treatment.
Abstract: The study reports 3-year outcomes for clients who had been treated in the five outpatient sites of Project MATCH, a clinical trial designed to test a priori client treatment matching hypotheses. Client anger demonstrated the most consistent interaction in the trial. A significant matching effect for psychiatric severity that appeared in the first year posttreatment was not observed after 3 years. Of the 21 client attributes used in testing the matching hypotheses, 11 had prognostic value at 3 years. Among these, readiness-to-change and self-efficacy were the strongest predictors of long-term drinking outcome. The reductions in drinking that were observed in the first year after treatment were sustained over the 3-year follow-up period; almost 30 percent of the subjects were totally abstinent in months 37 to 39, and subjects who did report drinking nevertheless remained abstinent an average of two-thirds of the time. Notes, tables, figures, reference
Main Term(s): Controlled Substances
Index Term(s): Alcohol abuse; Alcoholic beverage consumption; Alcoholics; Alcoholism treatment programs; Drunkenness; Recidivism; Treatment effectiveness; Treatment offender matching; Treatment techniques
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