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NCJ Number: 205521 Find in a Library
Title: Sexual Assault on Campus: What Colleges and Universities Are Doing About It
Author(s): Heather M. Karjane Ph.D.; Bonnie S. Fisher Ph.D.; Francis T. Cullen Ph.D.
Date Published: December 2005
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
Grant Number: 99-WA-VX-0008
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis; Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: After summarizing data on the nature and extent of sexual assault on college campuses, this study presents findings on response policies and procedures; reporting options; barriers and facilitators for reporting; reporter training and prevention programming; victim resources; and investigation, adjudication, and campus sanctions.
Abstract: Researchers studied a random sample of schools in the United States and Puerto Rico that receive student financial aid from the Federal Government. Almost 2,500 schools were examined to determine their sexual assault policies, and campus administrators were asked about the issues mandated by Federal law for study. Using 29 criteria, 8 schools with promising practices in addressing sexual assault on campus were examined onsite. Federal law (the Clery Act of 1990 and the Campus Sexual Assault Victims' Bill of Rights of 1992) requires that schools annually disclose information about crime on campus, including specific sexual crime categories, and develop prevention policies. This study found that schools are complying with Federal law unevenly. Overall, 4-year and historically Black institutions are doing better than other schools in complying with Federal law regarding campus crime and sexual assault in particular. Although most schools comply with the requirement to report crime data, only about one-third do so in a way that fully complies with Federal laws. Anonymous reporting, which encourages victims to come forward, is an option at only half of the Nation's schools. Schools also provide resources for victims unevenly. Fewer than half the schools inform students on how to file criminal charges. In providing guidance to schools in complying with Federal law, this report identifies promising practices, recommends the development of model policies and guidelines, and suggest areas for more research. 14 notes and a listing of 4 additional readings
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Campus crime; Campus Security; Federal legislation; Sexual assault; Sexual assault victims
Note: NIJ Research for Practice
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