skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 210951 Find in a Library
Title: How the Justice System Responds to Juvenile Victims: A Comprehensive Model
Series: OJJDP Crimes Against Children Series
Author(s): David Finkelhor; Theodore P. Cross; Elise N. Cantor
Date Published: December 2005
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 1999-JP-FX-1101;01-JN-FX-0009
Sale Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
810 Seventh Street NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This bulletin describes the major components of the juvenile victim justice system.
Abstract: Entry into the juvenile victim justice system begins with a report of an alleged victimization of a juvenile to an authority, usually either a police agency or a child protection agency. This bulletin describes how each of these types of agencies usually serves juvenile victims. When processed by child protection agencies, reported cases of juvenile victimization are first screened to determine whether there is sufficient evidence of victimization to warrant a full investigation of possible child maltreatment. If such evidence exists, a thorough investigation is conducted. The investigation usually includes referral to police and prosecutors for possible criminal action against the offender, a medical examination of the child, substantiation of child maltreatment, the provision of prevention and remedial services, and a court hearing to determine how the child victim can be best protected and nurtured. The most intrusive intervention for the child is removal from his/her home and placement in a setting deemed safer and more beneficial for the child. Subsequent formal actions on behalf of the victim may include reunification with the family upon a determination that circumstances have changed to benefit the child or termination of parental rights, when it is determined the child will never be safe living with his/her parents. Processing of reports of juvenile victimization in the criminal justice system involve an investigation by police and arrest upon a determination of probable cause that the arrestee has committed an offense against the juvenile victim. Victim issues discussed in criminal justice processing are victim compensation, the decision to prosecute, plea negotiations, and sentencing. The bulletin concludes with a discussion of the impact on juvenile victims of the procedures of the juvenile victim justice system. 52 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Child abuse investigations; Child protection services; Criminal proceedings; Victim compensation; Victim services
Note: OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin, December 2005; downloaded February 28, 2006.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.