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NCJ Number: 223691 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Violence Against American Indian and Alaska Native Women and the Criminal Justice Response: What Is Known
Author(s): Ronet Bachman; Heather Zaykowski; Rachel Kallmyer; Margarita Poteyeva; Christina Lanier
Date Published: August 2008
Page Count: 168
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
Grant Number: 1705-219
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Literature Review
Format: Document - Designates non-commercial publications, such as Government and gray literature reports.
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on a synthesis of the empirical literature and original data analyses, this report presents an overview of the epidemiology of violence against American-Indian and Alaska-Native (AI&AN) women as well as a review of the criminal justice responses to this violence.
Abstract: National rates of homicide victimization against AI&AN women are second to those of their African-American counterparts, but higher than those for White women; however, these national averages hide the extremely high rates of murder of AI&AN women in some counties composed primarily of tribal lands. The National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) shows that rates of rape and other sexual assault are higher for AI&AN women compared to both African-American and White women. National annual incidence rates and lifetime prevalence rates for physical assaults are also higher for AI&AN women compared to other women. As is the case with other women, AI&AN women are more likely to be assaulted by offenders known to them than strangers. The unique status of AI&AN tribes as both sovereign and dependent creates problematic jurisdictional barriers that sometimes obstruct an effective criminal justice response to AI&AN victims of violence. Other factors that impede an effective law enforcement response to crimes on many tribal lands are insufficient funding, inadequate police training, and victim’ mistrust of outside authority. This report offers several recommendations intended to provide more effective investments in combating violence against AI&AN women. These pertain to the obtaining of valid and reliable data on violence against AI&AN women, the development of prevention and intervention programs for these women, and scientifically rigorous evaluations of such programs. 17 tables, 174 references, and appended methodological details of studies conducted at the local level
Main Term(s): Victims of violence
Index Term(s): Aborigines; Alaska; American Indians; Dating Violence; Female victims; Indian affairs; Indian justice; NIJ grant-related documents; Rape; Sexual assault; Sexual assault victims; Stalking; Tribal Courts; Tribal police; Violence prevention
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