skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 226498 Find in a Library
Title: Systems Change Analysis of SANE Programs: Identifying the Mediating Mechanisms of Criminal Justice System Impact: Project Summary
Author(s): Rebecca Campbell Ph.D.; Deborah Bybee Ph.D.; J. Kevin Ford Ph.D.; Debra Patterson Ph.D.
Date Published: January 2009
Page Count: 25
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Grant Number: 2005-WG-BX-0003
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF (Project Summary)|PDF (Final Report)|PDF (Tool Kit)
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This project determined whether adult sexual assault cases in a Midwestern community were more likely to be investigated and prosecuted after the implementation of a Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) program, and if so, which “critical ingredients” of the SANE program contributed to the improvements in sexual assault case-processing.
Abstract: The project found that the increases in adult sexual assault case investigations and prosecutions in the post-SANE era were due to two separate but mutually reinforcing pathways of influence. First, in its work bearing upon the legal processing of sexual assault cases, the SANE program concentrated on identifying and preserving high-quality medical forensic evidence, education and training, and ongoing case consultation in interaction with criminal justice practitioners. In addition, police and prosecutors in the county knew that if a case went to court, the SANEs would be not only available to testify, but also be proficient expert witnesses who could explain the exam findings to a judge or jury. With this supportive base of evidence and assurance of expert support, police gained more confidence in the quality of their investigations, e.g., having more evidence available and more qualified medical personnel available for interviews. Consequently, in the post-SANE era, it was more likely that prosecutors had stronger cases for plea negotiations or trial. Second, SANEs had an important indirect role in preparing sexual assault survivors to participate in the legal processing of their case. By providing sexual assault survivors with services, referrals, and information pertinent to their emotional and physical health, SANEs helped the survivors to gain confidence in their capacity to meet the challenges of participation in the criminal justice processing of their cases. The project involved six separate and interrelated studies. The methods and results of each of the studies are presented in this report. 3 tables and 15 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Evidence collection; Expert witnesses; Investigative techniques; NIJ final report; Prosecution; Services effectiveness; Sexual assault; Sexual assault victims; Victim medical assistance
Note: See NCJ-226497 and NCJ-226499 for the Final Report and Practitioners Toolkit
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.