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NCJ Number: 228631 Find in a Library
Title: Effects of Federal Legislation on the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children
Author(s): William Adams; Colleen Owens; Kevonne Small
Date Published: July 2010
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2006-JP-FX-K058
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Format: Document - Designates non-commercial publications, such as Government and gray literature reports.
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the effects of the Federal Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) on the Federal prosecution of cases that involve the commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC).
Abstract: The TVPA criminalizes human trafficking on a Federal level. It criminalizes a commercial sex act in which the victim is younger than 18 years old. Traffickers who exploit children younger than 14 years old for the purposes of a commercial sex act can be sentenced to up to life in prison; if the victim is between 14 and 18 years old, the trafficker is eligible for as much as 20 years in prison; subsequent Federal legislation has increased this penalty to life in prison (Adam Walsh Act of 2006). The study’s key findings indicate that the current Federal legislation intended to counter CSEC is sufficient to address such crimes, with task force efforts being an important component of successful prosecution. Factors important in predicting conviction in a CSEC case are being filed after passage of the TVPA, the case having been investigated by the U.S. Customs Service, having a longer processing time, having one defendant rather than multiple defendants, and being charged with possessing or distributing child pornography rather than child prostitution or child sexual exploitation. Suggestions for improving the prosecution of CSEC cases are to maintain consistent definitions of CSEC; providing better training to law enforcement officials, prosecutors, and judges who deal with CSEC cases, and improving efforts to collect and use data on what works in countering CSEC and assists in identifying victims. Study methods included a literature review, interviews with four Federal prosecutors, a focus group with service providers and advocates, and statistical analyses of Federal CSEC cases filed by U.S. attorneys from 1998 through 2005. 5 figures, 13 notes, and 19 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Child Pornography; Child Sexual Abuse; Federal legislation; Juvenile prostitution; Legislative impact; OJJDP grant-related documents; Trafficking in Persons
Note: OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin, July 2010
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