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NCJ Number: 230408 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Storylines of Physical and Sexual Assault in Urban Nightlife: The Impact of Individual Disposition and Social Context
Author(s): Philip R. Kavanaugh
Date Published: January 2010
Page Count: 272
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Grant Number: 2008-IJ-CX-0004
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Dissertation/Thesis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using storylines as an analytical framework, this study tested a hypothesis regarding factors in physical and sexual assaults that occur in urban nightlife venues (i.e., bars and nightclubs).
Abstract: The study hypothesizes that outcomes such as physical and sexual assault in urban nightlife venues depend on three factors: a certain individual disposition that includes static personality characteristics influenced by one's background, as well as more transient characteristics such as emotional state and role identity; a social context or spatial location that is either conducive to or an impediment to criminal outcomes; and a confrontation or situation that arises in which an individual makes certain behavioral choices. Depending on the confluence of these three factors, the hypothesis proposes that some individuals will engage in crime, some will become victims, and other will either experience noncriminal outcomes or walk away from potentially dangerous situations. Empirical support for this thesis used multi-method ethnographic data to construct storylines about respondent experiences with physical and sexual assault, identity profiles that identify key dispositional or background facts, and contextual profiles that detail the organization and atmosphere of the social spaces in which their criminal and victimization experiences occurred. According to Agnew (2006), "storylines" refer to key events or conditions that increase the likelihood that certain individuals will engage in crime. This dissertation is a secondary analysis of a previous ethnographic study in which the current author served as the primary research assistant/co-investigator. The study used interview data to construct storylines of respondent’s experiences with physical and sexual assault (both offending and victimization), and to construct identity profiles of 51 respondents in operationalizing key individual-level or "dispositional" variables that contributed to offending or victimization outcomes. 8 tables, 2 figures, and approximately 320 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Aggravated assault; Crime causes theory; Environmental influences; NIJ final report; Sexual assault; Sexual assault victims; Social conditions
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