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NCJ Number: 240574 Find in a Library
Title: National Victim Assistance Academy Resource Paper: Sexual Assault
Series: OVC Training
Corporate Author: Office for Victims of Crime, Training and Technical Assistance Ctr (TTAC)
United States of America
Date Published: September 2012
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Office for Victims of Crime, Training and Technical Assistance Ctr (TTAC)
Fairfax, VA 22030
Sale Source: Office for Victims of Crime, Training and Technical Assistance Ctr (TTAC)
10530 Rosehaven Street
Suite 400
Fairfax, VA 22030
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Instructional Material; Issue Overview
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Following a summary of statistics on the nature and prevalence of sexual assault in the United States, this paper defines terms used in the discussion of sexual assault, addresses its unique impact/effects on victims, recommends effective responses and advocacy for sexual-assault victims, considers the cultural issues and barriers in victim reporting and accessing services, and emphasizes the importance and features of collaborative responses and resources.
Abstract: In the United States in 2010, 188,380 rapes or sexual assaults were committed against victims age 12 or older. The new, more inclusive definition of “rape” in the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reports is “the penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victim.” Regarding the impacts of sexual assault on victims, for many it is a life-shattering event that involves a violation of the most intimate part of the person. Every aspect of a victim’s life may be affected because of the nature of the violation, the meaning of sexual assault to the victim, and the range and intensity of the resulting trauma symptoms. In recommending effective responses in victim support and advocacy, the paper addresses medical and mental health treatment and victim advocacy services in the context of case processing by the criminal justice system. A section includes a description of the role of the sexual assault response team (SART). Another section of the paper considers cultural issues and barriers to reporting sexual assault and accessing victim services. A victim’s cultural background can influence his/her reporting of the offense, seeking services, and responding and coping in the aftermath of rape. The paper concludes with an emphasis on collaborative responses and resources in responding to sexual assault victims. 35 notes
Main Term(s): Victim services
Index Term(s): Citizen crime reporting; Coping; Cultural influences; Offense characteristics; Offense statistics; Psychological victimization effects; Rape investigations; Sexual assault victims; Victim reactions to crime; Victim reactions to the Criminal Justice System; Victims of violent crime
Note: One in a series of eight resource papers
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