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NCJ Number: 241656 Find in a Library
Title: Measuring the Prevalence of Crime With the National Crime Victimization Survey
Series: BJS Technical Reports
Author(s): Janet L. Lauritsen; Maribeth L. Rezey
Date Published: September 2013
Page Count: 27
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: Agency Summary|PDF|TEXT
Agency Summary: 
Type: Survey
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on results from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) for 1993 to 2010, this report presents and compares criminal victimization rates and crime-prevalence rates; and it also analyzes the differences between victimization and prevalence rates for various types of crime and demographic groups using data from the 2010 NCVS.
Abstract: The key distinction between a victimization or incident rate and a prevalence rate is whether the numerator in a calculation consists of the number of victimizations or the number of victims. Prevalence rates do not take into account the number of victimizations each victim experiences. Prevalence rates indicate the risk of experiencing at least one criminal victimization in a given period. From 1993 to 2010, the decline in violent victimization rates (76-percent decline) was greater than the decline in prevalence rates (63-percent decline). For serious violent crimes, the victimization rate decreased 77 percent, and the prevalence rate decreased 66 percent. In 1993, 77 percent of violent-crime victims reported that they were victimized one time during the year, compared to 83 percent in 2010. The percentage of violent crime victims who experienced two or more victimizations during a year declined from 23 percent in 1993 to 17 percent in 2010. In 2010, this 17 percent accounted for more than half (54 percent) of all violent victimizations. Victims of intimate partner violence (21 percent) were more likely to experience repeat victimization within the year than were victims of stranger violence (9 percent). From 1993 to 2010, the decline in total household property crime victimization rates (down 64 percent) was greater than the decline in prevalence rates (down 48 percent). The proportion of household property crime victims who reported two or more incidents during the year decreased from 25 percent in 1993 to 18 percent in 2010. In 2010, the 18 percent of repeat household victims accounted for about 41 percent of all household property victimizations. In 2010, 12 percent of burglary victims reported two or more incidents during the year, accounting for about 34 percent of all burglary victimizations. 25 tables, 11 figures, and 6 references
Main Term(s): Crime Statistics
Index Term(s): BJS Grant-related Documents; Crime Rate; Data analysis; National crime statistics; Trend analysis; Victimization surveys
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