skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 252010 Find in a Library
Title: Questioning Bias: Validating A Bias Crime Victim Assessment Tool In California And New Jersey, Summary Overview
Author(s): Laura Simich; Jacob Kang-Brown
Corporate Author: Vera Institute of Justice
United States of America
Date Published: August 2018
Page Count: 29
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Vera Institute of Justice
New York, NY 10279
Grant Number: 2015-R2-CX-0037
Sale Source: US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
810 Seventh Street, NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Report (Summary); Research (Applied/Empirical); Test/Measurement
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Focusing on New Jersey and California, this study investigated the experiences of bias crime and reasons for under-reporting, developed a bias-crime victimization assessment tool from this evidence, and validated the assessment tool.
Abstract: The two-year study (2016-2017) focused on hate incidents, crimes, and factors that influenced under-reporting of bias crimes against youth and adults in LGBT, Hispanic, Black, and Muslim communities. The study examined correlates of hate crime against these sub-groups, identifying reasons for under-reporting these crimes to police, reviewing existing tools, historical records and incident reports, as well as conducting statistical analysis of just over a decade of hate-crime data from the National Crime Victims Survey (NCVS). In interviews and focus groups, participants described specific hate incidents and crimes they had personally experienced, witnessed, or about which they were directly informed. Victims and law enforcement personnel emphasized the need to improve police-community relations in creating a climate that would improve reporting of hate crimes. Almost all key informants highlighted the need for training to improve knowledge of bias-crime law and practice. The Bias Crime Assessment Tool (BCAT) developed incorporates questions about hate crimes used in recent research and law enforcement efforts; however, its scope is more expansive, because it is also based on information collected as part of the current study, with attention to descriptions of barriers to reporting hate crimes and recommendations for improving the reporting process. Overall, expert reviewers’ opinions of the BCAT were positive, with suggestions offered to improve wording. This study identifies what is being missed when the reporting process breaks down, and it identifies remedies, which include implementing the BCAT and Guidelines in law enforcement training and practice. 31 references
Main Term(s): Investigative techniques
Index Term(s): Bias related violence; Discrimination against disabled persons; Discrimination against homosexuals; Hate Crimes; National Institute of Justice (NIJ); NIJ final report; Racial discrimination; Screening Instruments
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.