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NCJ Number: NCJ 122705     Find in a Library
Title: Nation's Two Crime Measures (1995)
  Document URL: HTML Text PDF 
  Agency Summary: Agency Summary 
Corporate Author: US Dept of Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 11/1995
Page Count: 2
  Annotation: This paper describes and compares the Nation's two crime measures: Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) and the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS).
Abstract: The FBI's UCR program, which began in 1929, collects information on the following crimes reported to law enforcement authorities: homicide, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. Arrests are reported for 21 additional crime categories. The UCR data are compiled from monthly law enforcement reports or individual crime incident records transmitted directly to the FBI or to centralized State agencies that then report to the FBI. The Bureau of Justice Statistics NCVS program, which began in 1973, provides a detailed picture of crime incidents, victims, and trends. U.S. Census Bureau personnel interview all household members at least 12 years old in a nationally representative sample of approximately 49,000 households. The NCVS collects information on crimes suffered by individuals and households, whether or not those crimes were reported to law enforcement. It estimates the proportion of each crime type reported to law enforcement and summarizes the reasons that victims give for reporting or not reporting their victimization. As much as their different collection methods permit, the UCR and the NCVS measure the same subset of serious crimes, defined the same. This paper also reviews the differences in the two measures of crime and how the two together provide a greater understanding of crime in the United States than either does alone.
Main Term(s): National crime statistics
Index Term(s): Data collection devices ; FBI Uniform Crime Reports ; Comparative analysis ; National crime surveys
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
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Type: Program/Project Description
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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