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The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
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NCJ Number: NCJ 145313   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Youth Gangs: Problem and Response
  Document URL: Text 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): Irving Spergel
Corporate Author: University of Chicago
School of Social Service Admin
National Youth Gang Suppression and Intervention Project
United States of America
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 210
  Annotation: This draft report presents the results of an extensive review of the research literature on the youth-gang phenomenon.
Abstract: The review describes what is known about youth gangs in the United States; explains gang phenomena, primarily within social disorganization and poverty perspectives; and describes and assesses organized responses to the problem. The first part of the report contains six chapters on the "Nature of the Problem." The first chapter considers definitional issues and data sources, followed by five chapters that address the scope and seriousness of the gang problem, the group character of youth gangs, membership demographics, membership experience, and the social contexts of youth gang development. The second part of the report, "Response to the Problem," focuses on organized responses to the gang problem, with attention to existing and evolving strategies, policies, and programs of youth service, criminal justice, and community-based organizations, as well as Federal and State legislative initiatives. One chapter in this section discusses the historical roots and development of key antigang strategies, followed by a chapter that discusses social intervention strategies, with attention to evaluation. Other chapters consider police gang-suppression strategies and the approaches of prosecutors, defense attorneys, and judges in addressing the gang problem. Remaining chapters address current emerging probation, parole, and corrections strategies; the importance of social opportunities, especially improved education and employment opportunities for gang youth; and community mobilization to counter gangs. The final chapter summarizes key findings of the review and provides policy recommendations. 384 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): Juvenile gang behavior patterns ; Corrections policies ; Criminal justice system policy ; Gang Prevention
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
Grant Number: 90-JD-CX-K001
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Literature Review
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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