skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 148407     Find in a Library
  Title: Juvenile Justice Journal, Volume II, Number 1 (Serious Problems Issue)
  Document URL: PDF PDF 
  Author(s): S Greenbaum
  Journal: Juvenile Justice  Volume:II  Issue:1  Dated:(Spring/Summer 1994)  Pages:2-8
  Date Published: 1994
  Page Count: 32
  Series: OJJDP Juvenile Justice Journal
  Annotation: Longitudinal surveys of high-risk youths in Denver, Pittsburgh, and Rochester underscored the link between juvenile drug use and delinquency.
  Abstract: These surveys measured delinquent behavior, drug use, family demographic characteristics, community and neighborhood characteristics, parental attitudes and childrearing practices, attitudes toward school, perceptions of the consequences of delinquency, and conventional and delinquent activities of peers. Findings of more than 60,000 interviews showed that alcohol abuse began at an early age, while marijuana and other drug use began later. Street crimes also began at an early age, and roughly half the subjects between 13 and 17 years of age had engaged in sexual intercourse. Researchers distinguished three separate developmental pathways (authority, covert, and overt) and determined that the risk of violent offending was greater when children had been physically abused or neglected early in life. A strong correlation existed between delinquency and illegal gun ownership, and affiliation with street gangs was also a delinquency factor when the affiliation endured. Youth who were not highly committed to school in one year had higher rates of street crime in the following year. Delinquent children had poorer reading skills than nondelinquent children, and poor family life exacerbated delinquency and drug use. Employment did not necessarily prevent youths from becoming delinquent. Implications of the survey findings for juvenile delinquency prevention programs are discussed. 7 references
  Main Term(s): Juveniles
  Index Term(s): Marijuana ; Juvenile delinquency factors ; Students ; Juvenile/Youth Gangs ; Drug Related Crime ; Longitudinal studies ; Violent juvenile offenders ; Peer influences on behavior ; Juvenile drug use ; Juvenile drug abusers ; Underage Drinking ; Juvenile delinquency prevention programs ; Juvenile delinquents ; Parental influence ; New York ; Pennsylvania ; Colorado
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Survey
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.