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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 151651     Find in a Library
  Title: Jails and Jail Inmates 1993-94
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Agency Summary: Agency Summary 
  Author(s): C A Perkins ; J J Stephan ; A J Beck
  Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Date Published: 1995
  Page Count: 16
  Series: BJS Bulletins
  Annotation: Data presented in this report are based on results from the 1993 Census of jails and the 1994 Annual Survey of Jails, which provide detailed information on local jail inmates, staff, facilities, and programs.
  Abstract: As defined in this report, jails are locally operated correctional facilities that confine persons before or after adjudication. After a decade of record growth, the number of inmates in local jails reached a high of 490,442 on June 30, 1994. The jail population grew by 30,638 inmates between July 1, 1993, and June 30, 1994, the third largest annual increase recorded since 1983. The 12-month increase was the equivalent of a 6.7-percent rate of growth. The number of jail inmates per 100,000 U.S. residents increased from 96 in 1983 to 188 in 1994. In 1993 eight States had more than 200 local jail inmates per 100,000 residents: Louisiana (377), Georgia (328), Texas (307), Tennessee (282), Florida (250), Virginia (225), California (222), and Nevada (215). Between 1983 and 1993 the number of jail inmates increased 106 percent; the total jail staff increased 156 percent; and the number of correctional officers increased 165 percent. At midyear 1994 the capacity of the Nation's local jails was 504,324 inmates, as measured by the number of beds allotted by State or local rating officials. The jail population was 97 percent of rated capacity. Jail space increased 93 percent between 1983 and 1994. White non-Hispanic inmates comprised 39 percent of the jail population in 1994; black non-Hispanics, 44 percent; Hispanics, 15 percent; and non-Hispanics of other races, 2 percent. 22 tables
  Main Term(s): Jail statistics
  Index Term(s): Inmate statistics ; Jails ; Correctional personnel ; Corrections costs
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
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United States of America
  Type: Survey
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: From Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin, April 1995.
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