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NCJ Number: NCJ 152055     Find in a Library
Title: Past and Future Directions of the D.A.R.E. (Drug Abuse Resistance Education) Program: An Evaluation Review
  Document URL: TEXT PDF PDF 
Author(s): C L Ringwalt ; J M Greene ; S T Ennett ; R Iachan ; R R Clayton ; C G Leukefeld
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 31
  Series: NIJ Research Report
  Annotation: This study synthesizes information from several sources, including original and secondary data, to provide an overall evaluation review of the Drug Abuse Resistance Education (D.A.R.E.) program.
Abstract: Since its inception in the early 1980's, D.A.R.E. has become the Nation's most prevalent school-based drug-use prevention program. It is distinctive among such programs in that it uses trained, uniformed police officers in school classrooms to teach highly structured curricula. It is also distinctive in combining a partnership between law enforcement and education at the local level with a high degree of centralized program control asserted by coordinating mechanisms at the State, regional, and national levels. This study assessed D.A.R.E.'s implementation and outcomes. The implementation assessment used informal interviews and discussions with the coordinators and educational advisors of regional training centers; a survey of State D.A.R.E. coordinators; and a survey of drug-use prevention coordinators in a representative, stratified sample of school districts that included districts with and without D.A.R.E. For the outcome assessment, researchers reviewed and assessed the published and unpublished short-term evaluations of the program's original core curriculum conducted to date. Findings show a program that has been successful in placing drug-use education in the Nation's schools. The program is now implemented in the majority of the Nation's school districts and is expected to grow substantially in the coming years. Its popularity is high, as is the support it generates. Findings also show, however, that the original D.A.R.E. core curriculum has been less successful than interactive programs in achieving its mission to prevent drug use among 5th- and 6th-grade students. More work is needed to make D.A.R.E. as effective as other programs with students who are this age. 98 references, 4 tables, and 2 figures
Main Term(s): Drug prevention programs
Index Term(s): School delinquency programs ; Juvenile drug use ; Project DARE
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: From the National Institute of Justice Research in Brief, September 1994. PDF of NIJ Update is provided. Full report is provided in Text format.
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