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NCJ Number: NCJ 152692     Find in a Library
Title: Corrections-Based Continuum of Effective Drug Abuse Treatment
Series: NIJ Research Preview
Author(s): J A Inciardi
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 3
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: Text PDF 
Type: Program/Project Description
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Drug-involved offenders who participated in a continuum of drug treatment (prison-based treatment followed by treatment in a work-release center) had lower rates of drug use and recidivism than drug-involved offenders who participated in a shorter treatment program.
Abstract: In 1987 Delaware established the Key, a prison-based treatment program for drug-involved offenders at a men's maximum-security prison. The Key is a therapeutic community, a self-contained treatment environment separated from the rest of the prison. The treatment model is based on the philosophy that drug abuse is a disorder of the whole person and that treatment should focus on building an offender's self-esteem and changing his values and attitudes. A post-release program was established at the Crest Outreach Center, a conventional work-release center. After release from the Key program, offenders enter the Crest Center for 6 months of treatment and job training in a therapeutic community setting. In 1992 researchers began conducting follow-up interviews with participants at 6 and 18 months after completion of the Key program. They also conducted urine and blood tests to check for drug use and exposure to HIV. The follow-up interviews involved four groups of offenders: a comparison group, which received no treatment; a Key group, which received only prison-based treatment; a Crest group, which received only treatment at the work-release center; and a Key-Crest group, which received treatment in both the Key and Crest programs. Findings show that at 18 months after release, drug offenders who received 12-15 months of treatment in prison followed by an additional 6 months of drug treatment and job training were more than twice as likely to be drug-free than offenders who received prison-based treatment alone. Offenders who received both forms of treatment were also more likely than offenders who received only prison-based treatment to be arrest- free 18 months after their release (71 percent compared to 48 percent). 1 table
Main Term(s): Inmate drug treatment
Index Term(s): Post-release programs ; Delaware
Note: National Institute of Justice Research Preview, June 1996. Research in Progress Seminar Series. VHS video of January 1995 NIJ Research in Progress session also available.
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=152692

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