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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 152692     Find in a Library
  Title: Corrections-Based Continuum of Effective Drug Abuse Treatment
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Author(s): J A Inciardi
  Date Published: 1996
  Page Count: 3
  Series: NIJ Research Preview
  Annotation: Drug-involved offenders who participated in a continuum of drug treatment (prison-based treatment followed by treatment in a work-release center) had lower rates of drug use and recidivism than drug-involved offenders who participated in a shorter treatment program.
  Abstract: In 1987 Delaware established the Key, a prison-based treatment program for drug-involved offenders at a men's maximum-security prison. The Key is a therapeutic community, a self-contained treatment environment separated from the rest of the prison. The treatment model is based on the philosophy that drug abuse is a disorder of the whole person and that treatment should focus on building an offender's self-esteem and changing his values and attitudes. A post-release program was established at the Crest Outreach Center, a conventional work-release center. After release from the Key program, offenders enter the Crest Center for 6 months of treatment and job training in a therapeutic community setting. In 1992 researchers began conducting follow-up interviews with participants at 6 and 18 months after completion of the Key program. They also conducted urine and blood tests to check for drug use and exposure to HIV. The follow-up interviews involved four groups of offenders: a comparison group, which received no treatment; a Key group, which received only prison-based treatment; a Crest group, which received only treatment at the work-release center; and a Key-Crest group, which received treatment in both the Key and Crest programs. Findings show that at 18 months after release, drug offenders who received 12-15 months of treatment in prison followed by an additional 6 months of drug treatment and job training were more than twice as likely to be drug-free than offenders who received prison-based treatment alone. Offenders who received both forms of treatment were also more likely than offenders who received only prison-based treatment to be arrest- free 18 months after their release (71 percent compared to 48 percent). 1 table
  Main Term(s): Inmate drug treatment
  Index Term(s): Post-release programs ; Delaware
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Program/Project Description
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: National Institute of Justice Research Preview, June 1996. Research in Progress Seminar Series. VHS video of January 1995 NIJ Research in Progress session also available.
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