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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 
  NCJ Number: NCJ 157108     Find in a Library
  Title: Predicting Pretrial Misconduct With Drug Tests of Arrestees: Evidence From Six Sites, Research in Brief
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1  DATASET 2
  Author(s): W Rhodes ; R Hyatt ; P Scheiman
  Date Published: 1996
  Page Count: 6
  Series: NIJ Research in Brief
  Annotation: This study assessed the effectiveness of drug testing as a means of predicting that a released arrestee will commit an additional offense or fail to appear in court during the pretrial period.
  Abstract: Data were analyzed from six jurisdictions to determine how urine test results and other factors, especially criminal records and community ties, might have a bearing on postrelease misconduct (arrest and failure to appear). Overall, researchers found some evidence that drug-test results predict pretrial misconduct. The evidence was inconsistent, however; some sites indicated drug tests could not predict any type of behavior, and others predicted either rearrest or failure to appear, but seldom both. A positive test for opiates helped predict rearrest; a positive test for cocaine helped predict misconduct in some sites, but the effect was not statistically significant in a combined test across all sites. A positive test for cocaine helped predict failure to appear; other positive test results showed no consistent predictive power. The study speculated that a key problem with urine test results is that they cannot distinguish between heavy and moderate drug users; this is a significant limitation, since criminal behavior generally increases with heavy drug use. 3 exhibits and 6 notes
  Main Term(s): Pretrial drug testing
  Index Term(s): Pretrial procedures ; Prediction ; Pretrial release ; Crime prediction
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
  Grant Number: OJP-89-C-009
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: National Institute of Justice Research in Brief, January 1996.
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=157108

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