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The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 157309     Find in a Library
Title: Expanding Role of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design in Premises Liability, Research in Brief
  Document URL: Text PDF 
Author(s): C L Gordon ; W Brill
Corporate Author: University of Maryland
United States of America
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 7
  Series: NIJ Research in Brief
  Annotation: This paper examines the historical evolution of the legal basis for premises liability cases and their connection to crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED).
Abstract: Crime victims are increasingly seeking compensation from the owners and managers of properties on which crime occurs. The authors' research on CPTED and premises liability found that in order to find for the plaintiff in such cases, the jury must implicitly agree that the setting in which the crime occurred was critical and that had the property been designed or laid out differently and adequately guarded, the criminal would likely have been deterred or prevented from attacking. This study also found that the courts use the "totality of the circumstances test" to determine whether security measures were inadequate and below generally accepted standards for a particular industry. Further, the lack of prior similar crimes does not mean that a property owner should not take reasonable precautions to prevent crimes that most would agree should be reasonably foreseeable. Therefore, property owners can expect to be subject to increasing litigation if they fail to take reasonable steps to make their property secure.
Main Term(s): Crime prevention measures
Index Term(s): Facility security ; Architectural design ; Environmental design ; Legal liability ; Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) programs ; Situational crime prevention ; NIJ grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
Grant Number: 91–IJ–CX–K022
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: National Institute of Justice Research in Brief, April 1996.
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