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NCJ Number: NCJ 157641   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Criminalization of Domestic Violence: Promises and Limits
Series: NIJ Research Report
Author(s): J Fagan
Corporate Author: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 64
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: Text PDF 
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This analysis of research and policy related to the criminalization of domestic assault concludes that the inconsistent findings to date point to the need for a program of research and development to advance the current state of knowledge on the effects of legal sanctions for spouse abuse.
Abstract: During the past 30 years, the criminalization of domestic assault has developed along three parallel but generally separate tracks: criminal punishment and deterrence of batterers, batterer treatment, and restraining orders designed to protect victims through the threat of civil or criminal legal sanctions. Each policy track has been informed, advanced, and supported by victim advocacy groups. However, research and evaluation have generated weak or inconsistent evidence of deterrent effects on either repeat victimization or repeat offending. Weak research and evaluation designs, lack of integration of violence theories with theories of domestic assault, and many other factors have hindered this research. Therefore, a research program is needed. Theory is essential to this effort. Testable ideas should be identified from theoretical advances, formative evaluations of innovative practices, and qualitative studies of battering careers. Stable and sufficient resources will be required to support these development, evaluation, and research efforts.
Main Term(s): Victims of violence
Index Term(s): Abused women ; Domestic assault prevention ; Domestic assault arrest policies
Note: NIJ Research Report. Adaptation of presentation at annual conference on research and evaluation sponsored by NIJ, BJA, and OJJDP, Washington, D.C., July 10, 1995
   
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