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NCJ Number: NCJ 160937     Find in a Library
Title: Community-Backed Anti-Drug Tax: COMBAT in Jackson County, Missouri
  Document URL: Text PDF 
Author(s): G Mills
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 15
  Series: NIJ Program Focus
  Annotation: When residents of Kansas City and other areas of Jackson County, Missouri, felt they were losing their neighborhoods to drugs and drug-related crimes, they enacted a sales tax in 1989 to fund a broad-based attack against drugs.
Abstract: The Community-Backed Anti-Drug Tax, known as COMBAT, was originally set to expire in 1997, but 71 percent of the voters supported a second referendum in 1995 to renew the tax for another 7 years. Although other States have used taxes or given counties the authority to use taxes for antidrug programs, COMBAT has several distinctive features: (1) full range of prevention, treatment, and law enforcement activities; (2) centralized administrative structure; (3) focus on jailing dangerous criminals and drug dealers, with money earmarked to support police investigations, prosecution, circuit court, and corrections; (4) treatment of nonviolent offenders who honestly want to overcome their dependency; and (5) drug prevention programs for children. Indications of COMBAT's accomplishments include partnerships among agencies and across geographic boundaries, greater sensitivity and responsiveness to neighborhood concerns, better coordination between treatment providers and criminal justice system agencies, and success in gaining the cooperation and vigilance of community residents. As part of COMBAT, the Jackson County prosecuting attorney's office is developing data systems to assess program client needs and to monitor program service effectiveness. 6 notes, 1 exhibit, 1 figure, and 2 photographs
Main Term(s): Drug prevention programs
Index Term(s): Drug Related Crime ; Tax effects on crime ; Missouri
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: National Institute of Justice Program Focus
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