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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 162951     Find in a Library
  Title: Revictimization: Reducing the Heat on Hot Victims
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Author(s): K Pease ; G Laycock
  Corporate Author: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Date Published: 1996
  Page Count: 5
  Series: NIJ Research in Action
  Annotation: Crime prevention through the identification of victims who repeatedly experience crime is examined, based primarily on data collected in the United Kingdom.
  Abstract: Preventing crime in high-crime areas (hot spots) requires police to determine where and when crimes are likely to occur. The British data demonstrate why a focal point for effective crime prevention is the hot dot, or repeat victim. Two studies indicated that about 4 percent of surveyed victims experienced approximately 44 percent of the offenses. Results revealed that individuals' past crime victimization is a good predictor of their subsequent victimization, which is often inflicted by the same offenders. In addition, the greater the number of prior victimizations, the higher the likelihood that the victim will experience future crime. Moreover, revictimization tends to occur soon after the previous victimization. Furthermore, repeat victimization is highest in areas of highest crime. Findings indicate that a police officer's visit to a crime victim can usefully be directed at preventing the next possible crime as well as addressing the current one. One municipality reduced residential burglaries by 24 percent as the result of victim-focused crime prevention efforts. Therefore, the repeat-victimization approach would be explored as a useful component of crime prevention strategy. 6 reference notes and list of related NIJ publications and research
  Main Term(s): Victimization
  Index Term(s): Property crime statistics ; Crime in foreign countries ; Crime prevention planning ; United Kingdom
  Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Report (Technical Assistance)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: NIJ Research in Action, November 1996.
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