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NCJ Number: NCJ 163706     Find in a Library
Title: Work Release: Recidivism and Corrections Costs in Washington State, Research in Brief
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): S Turner ; J Petersilia
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 13
  Series: NIJ Research in Brief
  Annotation: Washington State's work release program was evaluated in two studies; one used data from 2,452 male offenders released from Washington prisons in 1990 to assess the operation of work release and inmate behavior during the program, and the other focused on the recidivism of 218 offenders.
Abstract: Nearly 40 percent of the first group spent part of their sentences on work release. Approximately half of the second group took part in work release. Results were mostly positive. Nearly one-fourth of all inmates released in Washington made a successful transition to the community through work release. Less than 5 percent of the work releasees committed new crimes while on work release, and 99 percent of these crimes were less serious property crimes such as forgery or theft. However, many work releasees incurred infractions, mostly for rule violations and drug possession, and one-fourth returned to prison. Thus, the time under correctional supervision was as long or longer for work release participants as for nonparticipants. Corrections costs for the two groups were similar. Overall, 56 percent of the work releasees incurred no program infractions or arrests, and another 13 percent were moderately successful in that their infractions were not serious enough to return them to prison. Findings suggest that documenting what corrections can and cannot accomplish will permit the integration of work release into a more balanced corrections strategy that would successfully return low-risk inmates to the community and thereby make room to incarcerate the truly violent offenders. Tables
Main Term(s): Corrections effectiveness
Index Term(s): Work release ; Washington
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
Grant Number: 90-DD-CX-0056
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: NIJ Research in Brief, December 1996
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