skip navigation

Justinfo Subscribe to Stay Informed

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


NCJRS Abstract


Subscribe to Stay Informed
Want to be in the know? JUSTINFO is a biweekly e-newsletter containing information about new publications, events, training, funding opportunities, and Web-based resources available from the NCJRS Federal sponsors. Sign up to get JUSTINFO in your inbox.

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 165369     Find in a Library
Title: Three Strikes and You're Out: A Review of State Legislation, Research in Brief
  Document URL: Text PDF 
Author(s): J Clark ; J Austin ; D A Henry
Corporate Author: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 16
  Series: NIJ Research in Brief
  Annotation: Between 1993 and 1995, 24 States added three-strikes laws to already existing laws that enhanced sentencing for repeat offenders.
Abstract: The rapid expansion of such laws reflects perceptions that existing laws were not sufficiently protective of public safety in their application and/or outcome, that new laws were needed to address exceptional incidents, or that the intent of existing laws was being frustrated by other factors. An analysis of the three-strikes law in Washington indicates planners expected between 40 and 75 persons would fall under three-strikes provisions each year. However, more than 3 years after the law took effect, only 85 offenders have been admitted to the State prison system under the law. All but one of these 85 offenders have been sentenced for crimes against persons. California's prison system has admitted many more three-strikes offenders than any other State since April 1994, more than 26,000 as of December 1996. Most three strikes inmates in California have been sentenced under the two-strikes provision and for nonviolent crimes. The analysis of three-strikes laws in the 24 States reveals States have authorized longer periods of incarceration for those convicted of violent crimes, what constitutes a strike and under what conditions varies among States, and States differ as to what sanction will be imposed when sufficient strikes have accumulated. Early evidence shows that, with the exception of California, most three-strikes laws will have minimal impact on State prison systems because they were drafted to apply to only the most violent repeat offenders. 20 notes and 10 exhibits
Main Term(s): Courts
Index Term(s): Habitual offenders ; Recidivism ; Violent offenders ; State laws ; State-by-state analyses ; Recidivist statutes ; Corrections ; Washington ; California
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: National Institute of Justice Research in Brief
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.