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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 168618   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Crime and Place: Plenary Papers of the 1997 Conference on Criminal Justice Research and Evaluation
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Author(s): R B Taylor ; G Basemore ; B Boland ; T E Clear ; R P Corbett Jr ; J Feinblatt ; G Berman ; M Sviridoff ; C Stone
  Date Published: 1998
  Page Count: 105
  Annotation: In focusing on "crime and place," six research papers revisit at the microlevel the locations where crime is committed and at the macrolevel community involvement with criminal justice agencies in addressing crime.
  Abstract: The first paper examines results from a small number of interventions designed to reduce crime, disorder, or both in specific places with high crime rates. These efforts showed some success in reducing crime or disorder at specific sites, but they also showed stronger effects on some crimes than others and greater reductions in disorder than crime. The second paper evaluates community youth sanctioning models (family group conferencing, community boards, "circle" sentencing, and victim- offender mediation). The third paper chronicles the genesis, activities, and evolution of the community prosecution experiment in the Manhattan District Attorney's office that now addresses both quality-of-life crime and serious crime. These efforts have resulted in the emergence of an organizational capacity to respond to neighborhood crime problems that are not readily ameliorated by the traditional case-by-case, arrest-convict process. The fourth paper describes a vision for community corrections that gives a deeper meaning to the term "community." It envisions a community corrections strategy that not only is connected to individuals and groups at the community level, but that also defines its functions by their relevance to local community life. The two remaining papers assess neighborhood justice at the Midtown Community Court and the lessons of neighborhood-focused public defense. Notes, references, and exhibits accompany the papers.
  Main Term(s): Crime prevention measures
  Index Term(s): Defender systems ; Prosecution ; Community involvement ; Community-based corrections (adult) ; Community-based corrections (juvenile) ; Geographic distribution of crime ; Neighborhood justice centers ; Location specific crime
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America

Bureau of Justice Assistance
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: NIJ Research Forum.
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