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NCJ Number: NCJ 171139     Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile and Family Drug Courts: An Overview
  Document URL: HTML Text PDF 
Corporate Author: American University
Drug Court Clearinghouse & Technical Assistance Project
United States of America
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 19
  Annotation: After reviewing the background of juvenile and family drug courts, this report describes their goals and structure, compares them with traditional court processing, and identifies critical issues unique to juvenile and family drug court programs.
Abstract: For the purpose of this report, a juvenile drug court is defined as "a drug court that focuses on juvenile delinquency matters and status offenses that involve substance-abusing juveniles." A family drug court is defined as "a drug court that deals with cases involving parental rights, in which an adult is the party litigant, which come before the court through either the criminal or civil process, and which arise out of the substance abuse of a parent." Juvenile and family drug courts provide much earlier and more comprehensive intake assessment for both juveniles and adults and have a much greater focus on the functioning of the family as well as the juvenile and parent than traditional courts. There is a closer integration of the information obtained during the intake and assessment process with subsequent case decisions. There is also greater coordination among the court, the treatment community, the school system, and other community agencies that respond to the needs of juveniles, families, and the court. Because juvenile and family drug courts are relatively new, there has not been a sufficient period of operation to document significant results over the long term. Juvenile and family drug court judges are reporting, however, that their initial experience confirms remarkable sustained turnaround by juveniles and adults in the program who were otherwise at high risk for continued, escalating criminal involvement and illegal substance use. Such indicators as recidivism, drug usage, educational achievement, and family preservation indicate that juvenile and family drug courts hold significant potential. An enclosure provides summary data on juvenile and family drug court activity.
Main Term(s): Juvenile courts
Index Term(s): Family courts ; Drug treatment ; Juvenile drug abusers ; Drug Courts
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Justice, Office of Justice Programs
Drug Courts Program Office
United States of America
Grant Number: 95-DC-MX-K002
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Drug Policy Information Clearinghouse
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Description
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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