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NCJ Number: NCJ 171140     Find in a Library
Title: Looking at a Decade of Drug Courts
  Document URL: HTML 
Corporate Author: American University
Drug Court Clearinghouse & Technical Assistance Project
United States of America
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 15
  Annotation: This report addresses the background of the drug court "movement," the major areas in which drug courts differ from traditional adjudication processes, and salient achievements to date.
Abstract: The drug court movement began in 1989 as an experiment by the Dade County Circuit Court (Florida), when it assigned a judge to devise and oversee an intensive, community-based treatment, rehabilitation, and supervision program for felony drug defendants. The drug court has since become a national movement, and drug courts are now underway in 48 States, as well as the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, a number of Native American Tribal Courts, and one Federal district court. Close to 100,000 drug-dependent offenders have entered drug court programs since their inception, and more than 70 percent are either still enrolled or have graduated, more than double the rate of traditional treatment program retention rates. Most of the offenders who come before drug courts are serious drug abusers who have never been exposed to treatment, and a majority have already served jail or prison time for drug-related offenses. In addition to drug treatment, drug courts also emphasis educational and mental health services. The original goals for drug courts -- reductions in recidivism and drug use -- are being achieved, with recidivism rates substantially reduced for graduates and, to a lesser but significant degree, for participants who do not graduate. Justice system benefits also result from drug courts. A supplementary enclosure provides summary data on drug court activity and achievements.
Main Term(s): Drug Courts
Index Term(s): Recidivism ; Drug treatment ; Drug offenders ; Case processing ; Intensive supervision programs
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Justice, Office of Justice Programs
Drug Courts Program Office
United States of America
Grant Number: 95-DC-MX-K002
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Drug Policy Information Clearinghouse
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Description
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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