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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: NCJ 171676     Find in a Library
Title: Preventing Crime: What Works, What Doesn't, What's Promising, Research in Brief
Series: NIJ Research in Brief
Author(s): Lawrence W. Sherman ; Denise C. Gottfredson ; Doris L. MacKenzie ; John Eck ; Peter Reuter ; Shawn D. Bushway
Corporate Author: University of Maryland
Dept of Criminal Justice and Criminology
United States of America
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
Grant Number: 96-MU-MU-0019
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: Text PDF 
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report presents findings from a congressionally mandated evaluation of State and local crime prevention programs funded by the U.S. Department of Justice.
Abstract: Deciding what works in the prevention of crime called for applying rigorous means for determining which programs have had a demonstrated impact on the reduction of crime and delinquency. The study concluded that very few operational crime prevention programs have been evaluated by using scientifically recognized standards and methodologies, including repeated tests under similar and different social settings. Based on a review of more than 500 prevention program evaluations that met minimum scientific standards, the report further concluded that there was minimally adequate evidence to establish a provisional list of what works, what doesn't, and what is promising. For infants, frequent home visits by nurses and other professionals are apparently helpful. For preschoolers, classes with weekly home visits by preschool teachers are useful; and for delinquent and at-risk preadolescents, family therapy and parent training have proven promising. Effective school programs encompass organizational development for innovation; the communication and reinforcement of clear, consistent norms; the teaching of social competency skills; and the coaching of high-risk youth in "thinking skills." Vocational training helps older male ex- offenders, and the use of rental housing for drug dealing can be countered with nuisance abatement action on landlords. Extra police patrols are effective for high-crime hot spots, and incarceration and monitoring by specialized police unit can reduce crime by high-risk repeat offenders. Also effective are on-scene arrests for domestic abusers who are employed, rehabilitation programs with risk-focused treatments for convicted offenders, and therapeutic community treatment programs for drug-using offenders in prison. This report summary also describes what types of programs do not work and what programs hold promise.
Main Term(s): Community crime prevention programs
Index Term(s): Juvenile Delinquency prevention planning ; Juvenile delinquency prevention programs ; Crime prevention planning
Note: National Institute of Justice Research in Brief, July 1998. See also NCJ-165366 for the full report.
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=171676

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