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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 175685 Find in a Library
Title: National Evaluation of Weed and Seed, Research in Brief
Series: NIJ Research in Brief
Author(s): T Dunworth; G Mills
Corporate Author: Abt Associates, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Abt Associates, Inc
Cambridge, MA 02138
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Grant Number: 95-DD-BX-0134
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF|Text
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper presents findings from the National Evaluation of Operation Weed and Seed, a strategy to control violent crime, drug trafficking, and drug-related crime in targeted areas and to provide a safe environment for residents to live, work, and raise their families.
Abstract: From the initial three grant sites in 1991, Weed and Seed has grown to include 200 sites nationwide. The Weed and Seed programs in eight sites were selected for the national evaluation of their implementation and measurable effects on crime and public safety. In each site, the evaluation focused on one or two Weed and Seed target areas. Although each site had its own distinctive crime problems, they all shared high rates of violent crime related to drug trafficking and drug use. Most sites had serious gang-related crime problems. The effectiveness of "weeding" and "seeding" activities varied across the eight sites. The evaluation found that pre-existing community features may make Weed and Seed easier or more difficult to operate effectively. Important factors included the strength of the social and institutional infrastructure (an established network of community-based organizations and community leaders), the severity of crime problems, geographical advantages favoring economic development, and transiency of the community population. The mix of "weeding" and "seeding" activities and the sequencing of these components apparently are important factors in gaining community support for the program. Further, sites appeared to have greater success if they concentrated their program resources on smaller population groups, especially if they could similarly channel other public funds and also leverage private funds. A less tangible ingredient that seemed to characterize the more successful programs was the active and constructive leadership of key individuals. The most effective implementation strategies were those that relied on bottom-up, participatory decision-making approaches, especially when combined with efforts to build capacity and partnership among local organizations. 3 exhibits and 1 note
Main Term(s): Community crime prevention programs
Index Term(s): Drug Related Crime; Drug smuggling; Violence prevention; Weed & Seed Programs
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