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NCJ Number: NCJ 175686     Find in a Library
Title: Federal Enforcement of Environmental Laws, 1997
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Agency Summary: Agency Summary 
Author(s): John Scalia
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 10
  Annotation: This report presents data on defendants charged in 1997 with criminal or civil violations of Federal laws that protect the environment from excessive and unnecessary discharge of hazardous substance and other pollutants or laws that protect and conserve the Nation's natural resources and wildlife; the report also provides data on cases brought in U.S. district courts by private parties to enforce Federal environmental standards.
Abstract: More than a quarter of the 952 suspects investigated were identified as organizations. Overall, U.S. attorneys declined to prosecute about half of those investigated (70 percent of organizations and 40 percent of individuals). Because many environmental statutes contain civil penalties, U.S. attorneys can dispose of an environmental matter through civil litigation. Eleven percent of criminal referrals were declined for prosecution in favor of a civil action. During 1997, 446 defendants were charged with a criminal environmental violation. Forty-seven percent were charged for the unlawful emission of a hazardous substance or other pollutant and 53 percent for a wildlife violation. 11 tables
Main Term(s): Court statistics
Index Term(s): Federal courts ; Environmental quality ; Environmental laws ; Corporate crimes ; Offender profiles ; Environmental offenses
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Indiana University Purdue University, Research Support Funds
420 University Boulevard
Indianapolis, IN 46202
United States of America
Type: Statistics
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report, November 1999
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