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NCJ Number: NCJ 175688     Find in a Library
Title: Women Offenders
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Agency Summary: Agency Summary 
Author(s): Lawrence A. Greenfeld ; Tracy L. Snell
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 14
  Annotation: Based on self-reports of victims of violence, women account for about 14 percent of all violent offenders, an annual average of about 2.1 million violent female offenders.
Abstract: Male offending equals about 1 violent offender for every 9 males aged 10 years or older, a per capita rate 6 times that of women. In 1998, three out of four violent female offenders committed simple assault. An estimated 28 percent of violent female offenders were juveniles, and three out of four victims of violent female offenders were women. Nearly two out of three victims had a prior relationship with the female offender. An estimated 4 in 10 women who committed violence were perceived by the victim as being under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs at the time of the crime. The per capita rate of murder offending by women in 1998 was the lowest recorded since 1976. In 1998, there were an estimated 3.2 million arrests of women, accounting for about 22 percent of all arrests that year. The per capita rate of arrest among juvenile females was nearly twice the adult female rate. Between 1990 and 1998, the number of female defendants convicted of felonies in State courts grew at more than twice the rate of increase for male defendants. In 1998, an estimated 950,000 women were under the care, custody, or control of correctional agencies. Probation or parole agencies supervised 85 percent of these offenders in the community. Women under supervision by criminal justice system agencies were mothers of an estimated 1.3 million minor children. Nearly 6 in 10 women in State prisons had experienced physical or sexual abuse in the past. About 84,000 women were confined in prisons in 1998. Sources of data used to characterize female offenders are described. 28 tables and 10 figures
Main Term(s): Offender statistics
Index Term(s): Assault and battery ; Female offenders ; Offense statistics ; Inmate statistics ; Corrections statistics ; Male offenders ; Violent offenders ; Drug Related Crime ; Children of incarcerated offenders ; Female inmates ; Female juvenile delinquents ; Male female offender comparisons ; Female victims ; Juvenile offenders ; Victims of violence ; Female murderers
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Indiana University Purdue University, Research Support Funds
420 University Boulevard
Indianapolis, IN 46202
United States of America
Type: Statistics
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report, December 1999
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