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NCJ Number: NCJ 175723     Find in a Library
Title: Incorporating Restorative and Community Justice Into American Sentencing and Corrections, Research in Brief
  Document URL: Text PDF 
Author(s): Leena Kurki
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 11
  Series: NIJ Research in Brief
  Annotation: Restorative and community justice principles are discussed with respect to their nature, their use in current programs and practices, and their probable future.
Abstract: The theories underlying restorative justice suggest that government should surrender its monopoly over responses to crime to those most directly affected: the victim, the offender, and the community. Community justice redefines the roles and goals of criminal justice agencies to include the broader mission of preventing crime, addressing local social problems and conflicts, and involving neighborhood residents in planning and decision making. Restorative justice and community justice differ sharply from changes in sentencing laws premised on retributive goals. How the two divergent trends will be reconciled remains to be seen. Restorative justice practices include victim-offender mediation, family group conferencing, sentencing circles, and reparative probation and other citizen boards. Community justice practices include community policing and prosecution and applications in courts and corrections. Restorative justice approaches are currently used much more for juveniles than for adults and for minor offenses rather than for serious crime. Experience with community justice has consistently revealed that generating citizen involvement and building relationships with the community is a challenge. Advocates of these values often differ over the desirability of their becoming part of the official criminal justice system. The principles of restorative justice may change criminal justice policies and values in another and arguably better direction even if they cannot completely transform the criminal justice system. The restorative and community justice movements have both spread rapidly and are increasingly reaching out to encompass adult offenders, more serious crime, and disadvantaged urban communities. Case examples, message from the NIJ Director, list of members of the Executive Sessions on Sentencing and Corrections, and 16 reference notes
Main Term(s): Correctional reform
Index Term(s): Restitution ; Community-based corrections (adult) ; Community-based corrections (juvenile) ; Victim-offender relationships ; Sentencing reform ; Victim-offender reconciliation ; Community policing ; Family conferencing
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Contract Number: 97-MU-MU-K006
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: From NIJ Sentencing & Corrections, September 1999, No. 3
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