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NCJ Number: NCJ 176340   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Integrating Drug Testing Into a Pretrial Services System: 1999 Update
  Document URL: Text PDF (part 1) PDF (part 2) 
Corporate Author: Pretrial Services Resource Ctr
United States of America
Date Published: 07/1999
Page Count: 157
  Series: BJA Monographs
  Annotation: This report describes how to integrate drug testing into a jurisdiction's pretrial services program, based on the experiences of Federal and local pilot and demonstration pretrial drug testing sites; the discussion focuses on operational, management, and legal issues.
Abstract: The experiences of these sites revealed the elements crucial for a program's success. Findings revealed that integrating drug testing into the court process requires gaining support from system representatives, integrating drug testing into the risk assessment process, and integrating drug testing into the supervised release process. Operational issues include the chain of custody, testing of specimens, and confidentiality. Recent technological developments in drug testing include the expansion of hand-held devices to test for drug use and the introduction of the sweat patch. Sophisticated means have also been developed to detect flushing the system through fluid loading and specimen adulteration to mask drug use. Management issues include staffing, the information system, the procedures manual, and cost issues. Courts have ruled that drug testing complies with substantive due process when collection and testing procedures are reasonable. Courts have also ruled that drug testing can be imposed as a release condition. Program administrators should consult their jurisdiction's attorney for an opinion before undertaking drug testing. Charts, sample forms, reference notes, appended list of current pretrial drug testing programs, list of sources of further information, and annotated bibliography listing 53 references
Main Term(s): Court procedures
Index Term(s): Evidence collection ; Pretrial procedures ; Evidence preservation ; Drug testing ; Pretrial programs
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Assistance
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 97-DD-BX-0009
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Bureau of Justice Assistance Clearinghouse
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Technical Assistance)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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