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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 176341     Find in a Library
  Title: Pretrial Drug Testing: An Overview of Issues and Practices
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Author(s): D. Alan Henry ; John Clark
  Corporate Author: Pretrial Services Resource Ctr
United States of America
  Date Published: 07/1999
  Page Count: 12
  Series: BJA Bulletins
  Annotation: This bulletin overviews drug testing issues and practices at the pretrial stage of the criminal justice system.
  Abstract: The first use of drug testing in the criminal justice system was as an adjunct to treatment, as an aid in identifying heroin users in need of treatment and then monitoring their progress. Benefits of drug testing as a treatment tool were further recognized in a 1975 White Paper on Drug Abuse. Drug testing in the criminal justice system expanded in the late 1970's and early 1980's as criminal justice officials began using it as a tool to enforce compliance with supervision requirements, including abstinence from drug use. Between 1987 and 1991, the Bureau of Justice Assistance funded five jurisdictions in Arizona, Wisconsin, Oregon, and Maryland to establish pretrial testing drug demonstration projects, and results from these projects were mixed. Pretrial drug testing programs continue to be interested in defendant drug use but do not always use drug testing as a way of identifying and monitoring drug users. Reasons for this are discussed, various drug testing technologies are described, and costs of conducting pretrial drug testing are estimated. Current applications of pretrial drug testing are listed. 25 notes and 2 tables
  Main Term(s): Court procedures
  Index Term(s): Drug abuse ; Pretrial procedures ; Drug testing ; Pretrial drug testing ; Maryland ; Oregon ; Wisconsin ; Arizona
  Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Assistance
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Bureau of Justice Assistance Clearinghouse
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Program/Project Evaluation
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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