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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 179280   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Controlling Drugs and Social Disorder Using Civil Remedies: Final Report of a Randomized Field Experiment in Oakland, California
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Lorraine Green Mazerolle ; Jan Roehl
  Corporate Author: University of Cincinnati
United States of America
  Date Published: 05/1998
  Page Count: 104
  Annotation: An experimental program conducted in Oakland, Calif., from January 1994 through March 1997 focused on how the police use of civil remedies to address the physical decay of targeted commercial establishments, private homes, and rental properties affected the control of problems of drug law offenses and disorder.
  Abstract: Fifty street blocks were randomly assigned to the Oakland Police Department's Beat Health program; the other 50 street blocks were randomly assigned to the general patrol division. Drug dealing was reported as a major problem prior to the start of the experiment in approximately three-quarters of the locations in both the control and experimental sites. Other complaints included rat and roach infestations, prostitution, trespassing, problems with animals such as pit bulls, and other health and welfare issues. Police actions in the Beat Health areas included inspections, citations, warning letters, beat orders, working with property owners to evict troublesome tenants, and property cleanups. Analysis of 1,765,461 call incidents revealed significantly greater increases in drug call incidents in the control area than in the experimental area. The two areas were similar with respect to calls related to violent crimes, property crimes, and disorders. However, observed signs of disorder increased more in the control area than in the experimental area. Findings indicated that police efforts to affect drug and disorder problems can be effective independent of the existing social climate on a street block and also indicated the importance of effective place management independent of police efforts. Overall, the study concluded that fairly simple and expedient civil remedies applied by police officers with the help of municipal agencies are effective in reducing drug and disorder problems. Figures, tables, footnotes, appended maps and instrument, and 73 references
  Main Term(s): Policing innovation
  Index Term(s): Police effectiveness ; Disorderly conduct ; Drug law offenses ; Interagency cooperation ; Drug law enforcement ; Civil remedies ; Police management ; Services effectiveness ; Public nuisance ; Nuisance abatement programs ; California
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 95-IJ-CX-0039
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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