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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 179972   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Responses to Disorder: Relative Impacts of Neighborhood Structure, Crime, and Physical Deterioration on Residents and Business Personnel
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Ralph B. Taylor
  Date Published: 1995
  Page Count: 85
  Annotation: This study examined the impacts of physical deterioration, neighborhood structure, and crime on a range of responses to disorder among residents living near (n=870), as well as business personnel working in (n=210), 24 small commercial centers in Minneapolis-St. Paul.
  Abstract: The study used hierarchical linear models to separate between-person from between-location variance in outcomes. Researchers examined impacts of perceived crime-related problems on between-person outcome variance, as well as the impact of assessed incivilities and local crime rates on between-location outcome variance. For all six outcomes based on the resident surveys and for three out of four outcomes based on the merchant surveys, significant outcome variation between locations existed. Perceived incivilities consistently influenced between-person outcomes, as hypothesized. Assessed incivilities and local crime rates, however, generally failed to influence between-location outcome variance. Assessed incivilities and crime failed to predict responses to disorder for either or both of the following reasons: each strongly correlated with at least one dimension of neighborhood structure; and for several resident-based outcomes, after controlling for neighborhood structure, no significant between-location unexplained variance in the outcome remained. Further, for the merchant survey, in two cases impacts of physical or behavioral features related to incivilities showed causal impacts opposite to what has been predicted by resident-centered theory. Results confirm Miethe's (1995) earlier conclusion that research has not yet shown impacts of assessed incivilities on fear of crime and perceived risk. The strong, consistent impact of perceived incivilities, coupled with the weak or unexpected impacts of assessed incivilities, or of features related to incivilities raises several theoretical and policy-related questions. If assessed incivilities contribute minimally to responses to disorder after controlling for community fabric, perhaps more attention should be given to maintaining community fabric rather than on reducing incivilities. 33 tables, 4 figures, and 68 references
  Main Term(s): Criminology
  Index Term(s): Business security ; Fear of crime ; Public Opinion of Crime ; Informal social control ; NIJ grant-related documents
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 94-IJ-CX-0018; 80-IJ-CX-0073;
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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