skip navigation

CrimeSolutions.gov

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 
  NCJ Number: NCJ 181403   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Distinguishing Between Effects of Criminality and Drug Use on Violent Offending
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Jacqueline Cohen
  Corporate Author: Carnegie Mellon University
H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
United States of America
  Date Published: 12/1999
  Page Count: 75
  Annotation: Data from a sample of adults arrested in Washington, D.C., from July 1, 1985 to June 30, 1996 were used to determine the effects of drug use on violent offending.
  Abstract: The data focused on the impacts of the use of heroin, cocaine, and PCP and included the participants' longitudinal arrest histories and the results of urinalysis conducted following the arrest. The analysis sought to determine changes in the rates at which arrests occurred for various offense types and the relationship of these rate changes to individuals' drug-use status at the time of successive arrests. Results revealed broad inhibiting effects of heroin and cocaine use on most types of offending; aggravating effects on predatory offending (robbery and burglary) during withdrawal from cocaine use, and both short-term and long-term aggravating effects of PCP use on most types of offending, including personal violence. Findings suggested that interventions intended to reduce heroin and cocaine use are not likely to have an impact on offending levels, whereas strategies that selectively target interventions on reducing PCP use are likely to have a greater impact in reducing crime. However, the study had several limitations that suggest the need for caution in interpreting the results. Tables, figures, appended methodological information, and 90 references
  Main Term(s): Criminology
  Index Term(s): Heroin ; Urinalysis ; Cocaine ; Drug Related Crime ; PCP (phencyclidine hydrochloride) ; Violence causes ; District of Columbia ; NIJ final report
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 92-IJ-CX-0010
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=181403

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.