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NCJ Number: NCJ 184113   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Specifying Public Support for Rehabilitation: A Factorial Survey Approach
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): Brandon K. Applegate
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 249
  Annotation: Several researchers have made significant advances in identifying factors that shape attitudes toward the treatment of offenders, but these factors have often been examined in isolation without considering contextual features that likely influence public opinion; this research study examined conditions under which public support for rehabilitation in Ohio varied.
Abstract: Data for the study were collected through a mail survey of Ohio residents. Items included in the questionnaire assessed demographic, experiential, and attitudinal information on each respondent. To assess the potential influence of offender, offense, and treatment characteristics on support for rehabilitation, several variables were combined to create a factorial vignette. This method allowed the researcher to determine independent effects of each factor on public support for rehabilitation. Respondents largely supported rehabilitation for the offender described in the vignette. Assessing more global attitudes, a substantial minority of respondents believed rehabilitation should be the main emphasis in most prisons. Further, support for correctional treatment was substantial across 10 items that asked about particular rehabilitation policies. Additional analysis of the vignettes revealed few correlates of public support for treatment. Age and adherence to a doctrine of forgiving sinners were positively related to public support for rehabilitation. Conversely, conservatism and belief in a vengeful God were negatively related to public support. Public support for treatment likewise was reduced when the vignette described an offender who had committed a more harmful offense, had a more serious prior record, had a serious drug habit, or was sentenced to intensive supervision probation. These variables, however, were able to explain only 18 percent of the variations in public attitudes toward rehabilitation. Implications of the findings for policy and future research are discussed. Appendixes contain the cover letter to respondents, the distribution of vignette characteristics, the crime seriousness questionnaire, a correlation matrix, and descriptive statistics. References, tables, and figures
Main Term(s): Public Opinion of Corrections
Index Term(s): Rehabilitation ; Treatment ; Corrections policies ; Corrections research ; NIJ grant-related documents ; Ohio
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 96-IJ-CX-0007
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
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