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The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
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NCJ Number: NCJ 184389     Find in a Library
Title: Law Enforcement in a Time of Community Policing
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): Stephen D. Mastrofski
Date Published: 07/1996
Page Count: 2
  Series: NIJ Research Preview
  Annotation: This study of the Richmond Police Department (Virginia) provides some insight into patterns of discretion in the use of arrest in the context of a community policing strategy.
Abstract: Researchers accompanied officers on their beats to observe their encounters with suspects, including which suspects were arrested and which were not; researchers also noted characteristics of the circumstances and citizens that might influence officers' decisions. The findings show that in Richmond, arrest was relatively rare for suspects routinely encountered by patrol officers. Only 1 in 10 suspects was subjected to warrantless arrest. The pattern of arrests for the entire sample of observed officers showed that legal, not extralegal, considerations most influenced officers' decisions. Officers with positive attitudes about community policing were much less likely than those with a negative perspective to arrest the suspects they encountered. Positive officers were also less likely to be influenced by legal considerations, but extralegal factors had no more influence on them than on negative officers. Thus, concern that officers' adoption of a community policing perspective would produce extralegal discrimination in arrests was not supported in this study. This paper concludes with a discussion of the replication of this research.
Main Term(s): Community policing
Index Term(s): Police discretion ; Arrest procedures ; Police-minority relations ; NIJ grant-related documents ; Virginia
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 91-IJ-CX-0030
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
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Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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