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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 184414     Find in a Library
  Title: Assessing the Exposure of Urban Youth to Violence
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Author(s): Mary Beth Selner-O'Hagan Ph.D. ; Daniel J. Kindlon Ph.D. ; Stephen L. Buka Sc.D. ; Stephen W. Raudenbush Ed.D. ; Felton J. Earls M.D.
  Date Published: 11/1996
  Page Count: 2
  Series: NIJ Research Preview
  Annotation: This paper reports on the results of a new method for assessing the exposure of urban youth to violence.
  Abstract: This research effort was part of the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods, which is a long-range study of the determinants of antisocial behavior, delinquency and crime, and substance abuse. A new measurement tool covers multiple aspects of violence. It includes witnessing violence as well as experiencing violence, covers a range from less serious to more serious events, and also extends to sexual violence. It was used in a pilot test that consisted of interviews with 80 people who are part of the ongoing project. They were asked about their lifetime and recent (past year) exposure to 18 different violent events that they had either witnessed or personally experienced. The findings revealed a wide range of exposure to violence, from 88 percent who said they had seen someone hit during their lifetime to the 3 percent who had been sexually assaulted during the past year. Violent victimization in this sample of urban youth was also common, with 8 percent reporting that in the past year they were shot at, 15 percent saying they were attacked with a weapon, and 31 percent saying they were hit; one in seven (14 percent) had been sexually assaulted during his/her lifetime. Data are also reported on patterns of exposure to violence and neighborhood violence. The paper concludes with a discussion of the expanded use of the instrument.
  Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
  Index Term(s): Data collection devices ; Testing and measurement ; Violence ; Urban area studies ; Urban criminality ; Victims of violence ; NIJ grant-related documents
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
United States of America
  Grant Number: 93-IJ-CX-K005
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

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