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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 
  NCJ Number: NCJ 184935     Find in a Library
  Title: Evaluation of Oleoresin Capsicum (O.C.) Use by Law Enforcement Agencies: Impact on Injuries to Officers and Suspects, Summary of Research Findings
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): J. Michael Bowling Ph.D. ; Monica Gaines MBMA
  Date Published: 2000
  Page Count: 8
  Annotation: This study collected retrospective data describing injuries to police officers from assaults and injuries to suspects from police use of oleoresin capsicum (OC) spray in North Carolina.
  Abstract: Study sites involved the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department and the Winston Salem Police Department, as well as the North Carolina State Highway Patrol. The study goal was to assess the impact of equipping police officers in the field with OC spray on the number of injuries to police officers and suspects resulting from police use of force. Suspect injury data were available from the two police departments. While a drop in the number of injured police officers in Charlotte-Mecklenburg appeared to coincide with the implementation of OC spray, statistical tests did not confirm that the implementation of OC spray was associated with a decline the number of injured police officers. Likewise, OC spray could not be confirmed as contributing to a decline in the monthly count of injured police officers in Winston Salem. The implementation of OC spray by the North Carolina State Highway Patrol was marked by a significant decline in the monthly count of injured patrol officers. Between 1975 and 1998, 94 excessive use of force complaints were filed against patrol officers, but complaints dropped sharply in 1993 coinciding with the issuance of OC spray to patrol officers. 6 figures
  Main Term(s): Police safety
  Index Term(s): Municipal police ; Complaints against police ; Less Lethal/ Nonlethal Weapons ; Police equipment ; Lawful use of force ; State highway patrol agencies ; Police research ; Injury investigations ; Oleoresin Capsicum (OC)/Pepper Spray ; NIJ grant-related documents ; North Carolina
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 97-LB-VT-K018
  Publication Number: 7-9205-NC-IJ
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Survey
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: See NCJ-184934 for the final activity report.
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=184935

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