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NCJ Number: NCJ 186159     Find in a Library
Title: Female Gangs: A Focus on Research
  Document URL: HTML PDF 
Author(s): Joan Moore ; John Hagedorn
Date Published: 03/2001
Page Count: 12
  Series: OJJDP Youth Gang Series
  Annotation: This bulletin summarizes research on female gangs and draws attention to programmatic and research needs.
Abstract: The bulletin considers the underlying reasons for female gang membership, assesses the delinquency and criminal activity of female gang members, examines how ethnicity and gender norms may influence female gang behavior, and discusses the long-term consequences of gang membership for females. It concludes with proposals for future research. The major sources of information about female gang members’ criminality and delinquency are law enforcement agency reports, surveys of at-risk youth, and field studies. In general, female gang members commit fewer violent crimes than male gang members, tending toward property crimes and status offenses. However, drug offenses are among the most common offenses committed by female gang members. Law enforcement records document but do not explain the high rates of drug arrests for female gang members. The bulletin suggests future research on female gang formation, reasons for joining gangs, ethnicity, gender roles in gangs, delinquency and criminality, and later-life consequences of female gang membership. Resources, notes, references
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Female juvenile delinquents ; Gangs ; Female crime patterns ; Male female offender comparisons ; Female deviance ; Gender issues ; Gang Prevention ; Female gangs ; Gang member attitudes
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
Grant Number: 95-JD-MU-K001
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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