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The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
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NCJ Number: NCJ 188510     Find in a Library
Title: Gang Structures, Crime Patterns, and Police Responses: A Summary Report
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): Malcolm W. Klein ; Cheryl L. Maxson
Corporate Author: University of Southern California
Social Science Research Institute
United States of America
Date Published: 04/1996
Page Count: 16
  Series: NIJ Research Report
  Annotation: This study provides data on how street gang crime patterns relate to common patterns of street gang structure.
Abstract: This is a summary of a study that sought to provide focused, databased guidelines for gang intervention and control. It also attempted to estimate the national prevalence of various types of gang structures and of the perceived patterns of associated criminal activity. In addition, it attempted to construct crime profiles--both amount and pattern--for each of the most common gang structures. Data sources included law enforcement gang experts in 59 cities and information from 110 candidate cities regarding capacities to furnish crime data linked to different types of gangs. The study presented the following conclusions: (1) if the nation was to base gang control policies on police-recorded gang data, a major effort will be needed to assist law enforcement in accurately reflecting the nature of gang arrests; (2) policies already in place, both locally and nationally, to the extent that they were based on officially reported gang crime patterns, and were also based on inadequately collected and reported information; and (3) accurate gang crime depictions should, in most cities, start with ethnographic procedures. The study cautioned the users of the data that the gang typology which emerged was time-limited and may have captured a brief movement in a period of major gang evolutionary change. Figures
Main Term(s): Police
Index Term(s): Violent crimes ; Arrest statistics ; Crime Statistics ; Estimated crime incidence ; Crime patterns ; Gangs ; Gang involvement in organized crime ; Gang violence ; NIJ grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 93-IJ-CX-0044
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: For the complete final report, see NCJ-188511.
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.