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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 
  NCJ Number: NCJ 189164   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Restoring Accountability in Pretrial Release: The Philadelphia Pretrial Release Supervision Experiments, Final Report
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): John S. Goldkamp ; Michael D. White
  Corporate Author: Crime and Justice Research Institute
United States of America
  Date Published: 08/1998
  Page Count: 223
  Annotation: This report discusses the role of supervision in managing defendants released before adjudication.
  Abstract: The report examines the pretrial release process in the context of jail overcrowding in Philadelphia, PA, and considers the unique challenges associated with reinventing pretrial release practices in anticipation of the end of years of court-imposed "emergency" crowding reduction measures. The supervision strategy behind the Philadelphia release guidelines was based on: (1) full use of the supervision option suggested under the guidelines; (2) notification of defendants of important court dates; (3) orientation of defendants to the criminal process and the requirements of conducted release by pretrial services staff; (4) case management of defendants on supervised release by pretrial services; and (5) enforcement of compliance among defendants under supervision. Investigation of the role of supervision in enhancing the effectiveness of pretrial release was conducted in five parts: two notification experiments, a supervision experiment, an enforcement experiment, and a predictive analysis of defendant non-compliance (no-shows at the first supervision stage). The report describes two principal conclusions from this research. The first relates to the weak impact of notification strategies in reducing defendant misconduct (Failure to Appear and rearrest), while the second relates to the problems with achieving deterrence in conditions of supervision. Notes, figures, tables, references, appendixes
  Main Term(s): Corrections
  Index Term(s): Pretrial procedures ; Supervised release ; Pretrial release ; Deterrence ; Accountability ; Correctional reform ; Deterrence effectiveness ; NIJ final report ; Pennsylvania
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 96-IJ-CX-0008
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Crime and Justice Research Institute
520 N. Columbus Blvd., Suite 600
Philadelphia, PA 19123
United States of America
  Type: Program/Project Description
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=189164

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