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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 189559   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Spatial Analysis of Crime in Appalachia
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
  Author(s): James G. Cameron
  Date Published: 2001
  Page Count: 214
  Annotation: This study applied Geographic Information System (GIS) technologies and spatial analysis procedures to the study of aggregate crime patterns in Appalachia.
  Abstract: The analysis focused on an area of 200,000 square miles that followed the Appalachian mountains from southern New York to northern Mississippi and that included all of West Virginia and parts of 12 other States. Forty-two percent of the 1998 population of about 22 million lived in rural areas, compared with 20 percent of the national population. The research used a data set compiled at the county level for all 399 counties in the region. The dependent variables were index crimes from Uniform Crime Reports during 1979-81 and 1989-91. Data relating to the independent and contextual variables came from the Bureau of the Census, Department of Agriculture, and Appalachian Regional Commission. Results revealed substantial demographic and socioeconomic diversity, as well as regional crime rates lower than those for the country as a whole, partly due to the predominantly nonmetropolitan character of the region. In addition, the spatial autocorrelation patterns of both violent and property crime indicated that these spatial patterns were not random. Moreover, the spatial autocorrelation patterns for violent crime indicated contagion or diffusion processes. Furthermore, significant differences existed for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan locations; subregional differences also existed in the clustering and spread of crime. Findings demonstrated the importance of incorporating spatial effects into empirical models of crime and suggested that global theories of crime may need modification or expansion to take spatial patterns and spatial dynamics more explicitly into account. Figures, tables, appended responses to reviewers’ comments, and 45 references
  Main Term(s): Criminology
  Index Term(s): Economic influences ; Computer mapping ; Social conditions ; Geographic distribution of crime ; Crime patterns ; Rural urban comparisons ; Geographic information systems (GIS)
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 1999-LT-VX-0001
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

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Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: See NCJ-189560 for the Executive Summary.
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=189559

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