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NCJ Number: NCJ 192011   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Multi-Site Evaluation of Boot Camp Programs, Final Report
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): James Austin ; Donna Camp-Blair ; Alethea Camp ; Thomas Castellano ; Terri Adams-Fuller ; Michael Jones ; Steve Kerr ; Richard Lewis ; Susan Plant
Corporate Author: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
United States of America

Institute on Crime, Justice and Corrections
United States of America
Date Published: 08/2000
Page Count: 116
  Annotation: This reports summarizes the results of various evaluations of the impact of eight boot camp programs, along with their structure and operations.
Abstract: The evaluations show that boot camp programs are not having the impact on offenders or corrections in accordance with expectations. Although many of the programs have been well-administered and popular with public officials, they have not demonstrated a significant impact on recidivism, prison or jail crowding, or costs, which have been the three core goals of boot camps. The lack of impact on recidivism is probably due to the fact that many boot camp participants are low-risk as a result of the selection criteria used by correctional agencies and the courts in establishing eligibility for boot-camp admission. Another factor that diminishes the recidivism effect is the lack of treatment "dosage." Although many boot camp participants improve their educational levels and "pro-social values," these levels of improvement are not sufficient to overcome the more powerful social and economic forces that facilitated their involvement in criminal activities. It does not appear that the promise of "aftercare services" has added much to the lack of treatment effects. Regarding averted cost savings, these programs are too small to capture a sufficient "market share" of the prison or jail population to have an impact on population growth and the associated operating and construction costs. Furthermore, boot camps tend to be more staff and program service intensive than traditional correctional facilities. This report concludes that the future of boot camps is not promising; however, it is unlikely that they will disappear completely, as long as they offer a setting where low-risk offenders can be exposed to a more intense level of services in a safe correctional environment, while not being overly expensive to operate, regardless of their limited therapeutic and cost benefits. 24 tables and 84 references
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Recidivism ; Alternatives to institutionalization ; Corrections effectiveness ; Corrections costs ; Shock incarceration programs ; NIJ final report
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 96-SC-LX-0002
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Institute on Crime, Justice and Corrections
George Washington University
1819 H Street, N.W. Suite 700
Washington, DC 20006
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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