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NCJ Number: NCJ 192518     Find in a Library
Title: Curbing Police Brutality: What Works? A Reanalysis of Citizen Complaints at the Organizational Level, Final Report
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Liqun Cao Ph.D.
Corporate Author: Eastern Michigan University
United States of America
Date Published: 11/1999
Page Count: 39
  Annotation: This document analyzes data on citizen complaints against police use of excessive force.
Abstract: This report includes two empirical studies on citizen complaints about police brutality in two areas. The first was use of excessive physical force and the second was police use of all other nonphysical forces, such as abuse of authority and verbal abuse. The purpose was to establish a baseline correlation of citizen complaint rates with various police organizational factors. Another purpose was to identify the causal effect of police brutality. The research used a regression technique, testing a series of hypotheses deduced from theories with a number of control variables. Results indicated that there was some evidence that both organizational characteristics and organizational behavior were important in predicting the citizen complaint rate. The environment in which the police worked influenced the citizen complaint rate. The composition of police departments’ personnel was also an important factor in predicting citizen complaints. Organizational behavior and organizational characteristics were important covariates of the citizen complaints against police use of excessive physical force and police abuse of power. The police administration can influence its officers’ behavior by strengthening the in-service training, paying attention to the education achievements of its officers, and actively providing the best training for qualified new police in the force. Future study is needed to observe the applications of police departmental rules in daily operation as well as whether this model can be extended to explain police brutality in operation. 7 notes, 3 tables, 50 references
Main Term(s): Police use of deadly force ; Police research
Index Term(s): Police organizational structure ; Data collection ; Lawful use of force ; Police management ; Professional misconduct ; Police policies and procedures
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 98-IJ-CX-0064
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Research Paper
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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