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NCJ Number: NCJ 194608   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Life of a Cell: Managerial Practice and Strategy in Colombian Cocaine Distribution in the United States
Author(s): Joseph R. Fuentes
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 324
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 97-IJ-CX-0035
Sale Source: City University of New York
Graduate School and University Ctr
33 West 42nd Street
Ctr for Social Research
New York, NY 10036
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study used a variety of sources of information on Colombian cocaine distribution in the United States to determine the structure and operations of "cells" for domestic distribution.
Abstract: The study used a sample of five former cell managers and cell section leaders referred by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). Interviews with the primary sample followed a series of interviews with detectives and special agents assigned to urban DEA task forces in New York and Miami. "Cells" were found to be the distribution arm for a major trafficking organization based in Colombia. The cells were role-specialized and staffed largely by Colombian illegal aliens bound by strict codes of behavior imposed by the threat of law enforcement. Cell managers were posted to the Untied States to oversee the flow of thousands of kilos through the larger urban distribution markets. Cells use techniques common to legitimate commodity markets, as they offer revolving credit to buyers, quantity discounts, and a fair kilo price that represents the local market risks to transport, warehouse, and distribute an illicit product. Cells are the last link in the Colombian control over multi-thousand kilo quantity shipments of cocaine destined for American wholesale and retail markets. Cells operate with short chains of command that are noncompetitive and nonviolent in the local marketplace. Kilo prices are fairly uniform across organizations until they reach the terminal wholesale distribution market, where local negotiations for price differentials of 10-20 percent are based on customer preferences and quantity discounts. Cells reduce law enforcement pressures by implementing routine changes to their telecommunications infrastructure. The primary respondents in this study generally agreed that drug enforcement pressures in Colombia had more of an impact on kilo price in the United States than U.S. law enforcement, due largely to the lack of coordinated enforcement efforts. 5 figures, a 120-item bibliography, and appended interview protocol
Main Term(s): Drug law enforcement
Index Term(s): Cocaine ; Drug law offenses ; Criminal methods ; Organized crime ; Drug smuggling ; NIJ final report ; Colombia
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
   
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https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=194608

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