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NCJ Number: NCJ 199367   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Determinants of Citizen and Police Involvement in Community Policing, Final Report
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Luis Garcia Ph.D. ; Joann Gu Ph.D. ; April Pattavina Ph.D. ; Glenn Pierce Ph.D.
Corporate Author: Suffolk University
United States of America
Date Published: 01/2002
Page Count: 143
  Series: NIJ Research Report
  Annotation: This document is the final report of a study designed to determine the factors that impact citizen and police officer involvement in community policing within the City of Boston.
Abstract: Community policing has emerged as the dominant model for policing across the United States. Research has indicated that the majority of police agencies serving populations of at least 50,000 are either employing or planning to implement community policing programs. The success of community policing programs hinges on community involvement with police. Several problems may present themselves in this regard, including the fact that within certain communities there exists a mistrust of police or a fear of retaliation from criminals. Additionally, too often police programs designed to help problem communities are fleeting. In order to determine which factors affect citizen and police involvement with community policing programs, the authors surveyed 3,046 Boston residents and 1,383 police officers; they examined Boston police data regarding calls for service and arrests; and they examined local and Federal data on land-use, residential mobility, neighborhood poverty levels, single-parent families, and the availability of community-based organizations and recreational or educational facilities. Their findings revealed that the most significant determinant of community involvement with community policing activities were neighborhood attachment and positive attitudes toward the police. However, they did find notable racial distinctions in these factors. Factors that affected police officer involvement with community policing programs included knowledge of community policing, supervisor abilities, and rank. In conclusion, the authors note that since the community policing program in Boston has been active, serious crime rates have declined, citizen attitudes toward police and satisfaction with policing efforts have improved, and citizen fear of crime has declined. However, this research has presented relevant issues concerning community involvement with policing efforts that deserve serious consideration by policing agencies around the country. References, appendices
Main Term(s): Community policing
Index Term(s): Police community relations ; Community involvement ; Police crime-prevention ; NIJ grant-related documents ; Massachusetts
Sponsoring Agency: Boston Police Dept
United States of America

National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 96-IJ-CX-0011
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Suffolk University
8 Ashburton Place
Boston, MA 02108
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
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