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NCJ Number: NCJ 209295   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Family and Employment Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence: A Longitudinal Analysis
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Laura Dugan ; Marybeth J. Mattingly
Date Published: 03/2005
Page Count: 114
  Annotation: This study examined how being violently abused by an intimate partner influenced the chances that a woman divorced or separated and moved; changed employment; or was reassaulted by an intimate partner.
Abstract: The study used the 1996-1999 longitudinally linked files of the National Crime Victimization Survey, a nationally representative dataset that can be used to compare the labor-force involvement, mobility, and divorce consequences for women victimized by their partners with those for women otherwise victimized or not victimized at all. The linking of responses to key questions over time permitted this kind of analysis. The study also addressed whether seeking help with legal and medical systems improved a victim's work and family life and reduced the likelihood of a subsequent assault. The findings indicate that victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) were more likely than female victims of other crimes as well as nonvictims to divorce and move out of their homes. When analyses were restricted to victims of violent crime, recent intimate partner victimization was found to be a factor in a woman's entering the labor force. This may indicate a strategy for becoming more independent of a violent partner. Victimization history had little influence on an employed woman's odds of leaving work. There were significant associations between an IPV victim's responses to assault and her likelihood of being reassaulted. Self-defense responses increased the risk of reassault, but exiting the labor force decreased the likelihood of reassault. When others called the police and/or when arrests were made, future assaults were apparently deterred. The findings suggest that had the police and medical professionals been conducting effective interventions to protect IPV victims, reassaults would have been prevented and victims' transitions to independence would have been facilitated. 8 tables, 5 figures, and 108 references
Main Term(s): Female victims
Index Term(s): Domestic relations ; Employment ; Victim services ; Victim-offender relationships ; Domestic assault ; Longitudinal studies ; Victim reactions to crime ; Victim resistance to attack ; Domestic assault prevention ; Domestic assault arrest policies ; NIJ final report
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2002-IJ-CX-0012
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
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